Achilles tendinitis is a condition which causes extreme pain, swelling and stiffness to the Achilles tendon. The Achilles tendon connects the heel bone to the respective calf muscles. Achilles tendinitis is causes by repetitive small injuries to the tendon, this repeated trauma can also induce a complete rupture.
Symptoms include pain just above the heel bone, behind the heel bone or in the back of the leg. Tenderness and stiffness are present in the morning, accompanied by swelling, and difficulty flexing the foot or pointing the toes. Wearing shoes with a closed back also causes discomfort and pain. Treatment includes physical therapy, heel lifts, and sometimes use of a CAM walker boot in more severe cases. Restriction of motion and weight bearing activities is required for the improvement of the tendinitis. Should there be a full rupture of the Achilles Tendon, surgical repair is required.