Diabetic foot describes the issues that occur among people who suffer from diabetes. The condition is caused by damage to the central nervous system and poor blood circulation that stems from diabetes. An insulin deficiency leads to loss of feeling in the foot, and causes other problems that can be difficult to treat.
Due to the delicate nature of these conditions, it is extremely important to pay attention to all of the warning signs, including new or lasting numbness in the foot, swelling, loss of hair on legs and feet, pain, hard skin, open wounds, and similar symptoms. Some patients with diabetes have a lack of hot, cold, or painful sensations. Other patients hurt their foot without realizing it, and the poor blood circulation makes it harder for the body to heal and fight off disease. In diabetic patients, small sores can easily turn into big infections, which is why it is crucial to constantly observe the health of the feet.
Prevention, early diagnosis, and proper treatment of diabetic foot is crucial for diabetic foot issues. A podiatrist can help develop a diabetic foot care program for a patient, which includes:
- Regular preventative examinations
- Regular nail and foot inspections
- Healthier lifestyle
- Proper hygiene and change in footwear to include therapeutic shoes
- Prompt wound care in order to resolve the issues before they become too big
- Custom orthotics
- Physical therapy
- Surgical care, if needed