Gout is a form of arthritis due to increased uric acid in the body, typically from dietary sources. It’s causes are certain foods, including steak, shellfish, and alcohol. It can also be caused by the inability to deplete the uric acid from the body leading to increased uric acid levels. Symptoms include inflammation and redness accompanied by intense pain in the big toe joint. This is sometimes accompanied by limited range of motion in the great toe joint as well as warmth at the joint level.
Gout may be treated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatories (ibuprofen or aspirin), or ultrasound guided cortisone injections. In some instances, doctors may prescribe prescription medications to lower uric acid. In rare cases, surgical intervention is required to debride the joint area and get rid of built up crystals at the joint level.