A Hammertoe is an imbalance of the foot muscles that causes the middle joint of the toe to bend and become stuck in the bent position. It can be hereditary or be caused by tendon imbalance, ill-fitting shoes, as well as injury. Symptoms include, pain on top of the bent toe when wearing shoes; red, swollen toe joint as well as limited range of motion in the toe joint.
Hammertoes may be treated conservatively with shoe gear modifications and ultrasound guided cortisone injections. However, often times conservative treatments are unsuccessful and surgical intervention is required. In such instances the surgeon would excise a small piece of the bone, perform a joint implant procedure or joint fusion procedure.