Calluses are thickened, and hard layers of skin which form on an area of the foot, most often under pressure points. Ill fitting shoes, wearing shoes without socks, as well as areas of constant increased pressure are some of the leading causes for developing corns & calluses on the bottom of the. foot.
Symptoms include thickened, and rough skin, hard bump at the site,as well as tenderness under the skin where the corn/callus is present. Treatments include paring down the keratotic tissue and applying ointment to avoid infection of the treated area. Custom orthotics as well as shoe modification also help rid of the corn/callus. In some instances surgical intervention is required to treat the underlying biomechanical issue and bone deformity.